what’s in an abstract
To see an abstract, visit the APA Help guide and click on Sample Paper.
- It’s a concise summary of the key points of the research.
- It should contain the research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results and data analysis.
- The abstract could include possible implications of the research and future work connected to the findings.
- The abstract should be a single paragraph and double-spaced.
- An abstract should be between 150 and 250 words.
- This information is from the Purdue Online Writing Lab.
Use the adjective abstract for something that is not a material object or is general and not based on specific examples.
Abstract is from a Latin word meaning “pulled away, detached,” and the basic idea is of something detached from physical, or concrete, reality. It is frequently used of ideas, meaning that they don’t have a clear applicability to real life, and of art, meaning that it doesn’t pictorially represent reality. It is also used as a noun, especially in the phrase “in the abstract” (a joke has a person laying down a new sidewalk saying “I like little boys in the abstract, but not in the concrete”), and as a verb (accented on the second syllable), meaning “to remove.”
A method without body (no implementation) is known as abstract method. A method must always be declared in an abstract class, or in other words you can say that if a class has an abstract method, it should be declared abstract as well. In the last tutorial we discussed Abstract class, if you have not yet checked it out read it here: Abstract class in Java, before reading this guide.
This is how an abstract method looks in java:
As you see this has no body.
An abstract noun is a noun that cannot be perceived using one of the five senses (i.e., taste, touch, sight, hearing, smelling). Look at the examples below:
In the sentence above, the noun phone is a concrete noun: you can touch it, see it, hear it, and maybe even smell it or taste it.