how many authors before et al
For example, if these two sources were cited in the same paper, three author surnames would be shown in each case before the rest of the surnames are abbreviated to “et al.”:
Kapoor, Bloom, Zucker, et al. (2017)
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Research plays a vital role in development planning (Rasmussen et al., 2004).
In APA 7, for a work with three or more authors, list the first author and “et al.” for all citations, including the first citation, unless doing so would create ambiguity. (Note that this rule has changed from APA 6 guidelines on using “et al.,” which recommend listing all author names in the first citation up to five authors but then using “et al.” for the second and subsequent citations.)
For a work with one or two authors, include the name(s) in every citation. Here is how this could look:
If there are four or more authors cite the first name listed in the source followed by et al. All authors’/editors’ names would be listed in your reference, no matter how many there are, as shown below.
To be made up of:
Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them. Example : Johnson and Smith (2009) found.
. distractions (Thomas et al., 2007).
This article was co-authored by Michelle Golden, PhD. Michelle Golden is an English teacher in Athens, Georgia. She received her MA in Language Arts Teacher Education in 2008 and received her PhD in English from Georgia State University in 2015.
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In the reference:
In the in-text citation:
This is the only work I have for Nowak in 2014. As you can see it has five authors, so, according to my best understanding of APA style, the first reference should list all authors and subsequent references should just list (Nowak, et al., 2014) or Nowak, et al. (2014).
I’m writing my thesis, and have had the strangest behavior from just one in-text citation. I’m using biblatex/biber with the following setup: