how do you use et al

how do you use et al

how do you use et al

For any source with more than two authors, type out the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” Follow this format for the first and subsequent citations of the source.
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How do you use et al
There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
This article was co-authored by Michelle Golden, PhD. Michelle Golden is an English teacher in Athens, Georgia. She received her MA in Language Arts Teacher Education in 2008 and received her PhD in English from Georgia State University in 2015.

If you have used et al. in your citation you need to list all authors in your reference list, for sources with up to eight authors. For sources with more than eight authors, follow the guidance in the FAQ How do I cite and reference a source with many authors (more than eight)?
For example: Burrows et al. (2009) state that.

Here are the guidelines from APA:
The abbreviation et al. means and others. It is used when citing an item that has multiple authors.

To be made up of:

  • Authors.
  • Year of publication (in round brackets).
  • Title of article (in single quotation marks).
  • Title of journal (in italics and capitalise first letter of each word in title, except for linking words such as and, of, the, for).
  • Volume number.
  • Issue number (in brackets).
  • Page numbers of article preceded by p. for one page, pp. if multiple pages.
  • doi: if available.

Jones et al. (2010) further described.
This guide will help you create in-text citations that correlate with the corresponding Reference list citations. Please see the References guide for more details on the Reference list.

Jones et al. (2010) further described.
6 or More Authors:

Retain the order of authors as listed in the article- even if it’s not alphabetical

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • If you have up to 6 authors, list all of them.
  • If you have 7 or more, list the first 6, then use an ellipse (. ) before listing the final author. Example: Brown, J. S., Armstrong, L., Connick, H. L., Whedon, J., Archer, P., Smithson, K. D., . McCrae, R. R.


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