Welcome to the open source Citation Style Language (CSL) project! Our goal is to facilitate scholarly publishing by automating the formatting of citations and bibliographies. We develop the Citation Style Language and maintain a crowdsourced repository with over 9500 free CSL citation styles.
Curious if your software tool of choice uses CSL? Many commercial and open source products do:
Particular referencing styles are preferred by particular academic disciplines because they work better with the kind of texts that are most commonly used in that discipline. At Reading, for instance, English Literature and Film, Theatre and Television both prefer the MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association) style because it is good at dealing with repeated references to a literary text, but while English Literature use the classic version of MHRA, Film, Theatre and Television prefer the Author-Date version. The School of Law prefers OSCOLA because it has rules for citing legal texts.
This page includes brief details of each style of referencing used by different departments at Reading. You should always check your course handbook to see which is their preferred style.
Below are a few recommended tools that will help format citations for you — but beware, they are not perfect. It’s always necessary to double-check and verify the citations against a style guide (see style guide links, below).
If you need further APA assistance, please ask a librarian at the Reference Desk!