Some writing assignment instructions may indicate that an abstract is required, although a majority of student writing assignments do not require one. Consult with your instructor to clarify assignment requirements if you are uncertain.
The purpose of an abstract is to provide a reader with a short summary of a your written work or research paper. Generally, it is one paragraph ranging from 150 to 250 words . A well written abstract should be:
If one is required, the abstract is placed on its own page after the title page, so it will be on page 2. The APA Style Blog has two sample papers for review. The sample professional paper includes an abstract. The sample student paper does not include one since this is not usually required.
Per section 2.9 of the APA manual, an abstract is a brief summary of the paper and should be no more than 250 words. Most scholarly journals require an abstract, but abstracts are usually not required for student papers. If you are not sure, please ask your instructor if an abstract is required for your paper.
For MLA style
It is preferable to cite the full text of a work, but abstracts can be used as sources and included in the reference list IF you indicate as such in the citation. How to cite first depends upon which citation style you are using. Most courses at LCCC require either MLA style or APA style.